Your Vehicle: 2001 Ford Escort ZX2 L4-2.0L DOHC VIN 3
Vehicle » Powertrain Management » Computers and Control Systems » Description and Operation » Standard Models (Non BI-Fuel) » Electronic Engine Control (EC) System  
  Electronic Engine Control (EC) System  

Electronic Engine Control (EC) System


The Electronic Engine Control (Electronic Engine Control (EC) ) system provides optimum control of the engine and transmission through the enhanced capability of the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) . The Electronic EC system also has an on-board diagnostics monitoring system (On Board Diagnostics II) with features and functions to meet federal regulations on exhaust emissions.

The Electronic EC system has two major divisions: hardware and software. The hardware includes the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) , Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) module, Constant Control Relay Module (CCRM) , sensors, switches, actuators, solenoids, and interconnecting terminals. The software in the PCM provides the strategy control for outputs (engine hardware) based on the values of the inputs to the PCM. Electronic EC hardware and software are discussed.

This section contains detailed descriptions of the operation of Electronic EC system input sensors and switches, output actuators, solenoids, relays and connector pins (including other power-ground signals).

The PCM receives information from a variety of sensor and switch inputs. Based on the strategy and calibration stored within the memory chip, the PCM generates the appropriate output. The system is designed to minimize emissions and optimize fuel economy and driveability. The software strategy controls the basic operation of the engine and transmission, provides the OBD II strategy, controls the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) , communicates to the scan tool via the Data Link Connector (DLC) , allows for Flash Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory (EEPROM) , provides idle air and fuel trim, and controls Failure Mode Effects Management (FMEM) .

Modifications to On Board Diagnostic (OBD) II Vehicles

Modifications or additions to the vehicle may cause incorrect operation of the OBD II system. Anti-theft systems, cellular telephones and CB radios must be carefully installed. Do not install these devices by tapping into or running wires close to powertrain control system wires or components.