Your Vehicle: 2001 Ford Escort ZX2 L4-2.0L DOHC VIN 3
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  Description and Operation  


The power steering system has a typical rack-and-pinion design consisting of the components shown in the provided images.

Power Steering System

Power Steering System - Coupe Zetec

Power Steering System

Power Steering System - Sedan 2.0L

Mechanical Operation
The steering column shaft, the steering column intermediate shaft coupling, and the power steering gear input shaft transfer the rotary motion into side-to-side motion. The front wheel spindle tie rods and tie rod ends connect the steering gear to the front wheel knuckles. The front wheel knuckles convert the side-to-side motion into the pivoting of the wheels.

Hydraulic Motion
The power steering pump, which is driven by the crankshaft through a drive belt and pulleys, develops the hydraulic pressure necessary to operate the system. When the engine is running, fluid is drawn into the vane-type power steering pump from the power steering pump reservoir. Hydraulic fluid is pressurized by the rotation of the rotor and vanes and is forced into the steering gear. When the steering wheel is turned, the steering gear converts this hydraulic pressure and flow into mechanical motion that will move the front wheels in the direction of the turn.

Power Steering Pressure (PSP) Switch
A Power Steering Pressure Switch (PSP switch) , located on the power steering pressure hose, is normally closed. As the power steering load increases, the PSP switch signals the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) to increase the idle speed.


Steering Linkage Component Location
The steering linkage connects the steering gear to the front wheel knuckle. The steering linkage is adjustable at the two tie rod ends.