Your Vehicle: 2009 Nissan-Datsun Altima V6-3.5L (VQ35DE)
 
Vehicle » A L L Diagnostic Trouble Codes ( DTC ) » Testing and Inspection » P Code Charts » P0430  
 
 
  P0430  
 

P0420, P0430 THREE WAY CATALYST FUNCTION

DTC Logic

DTC DETECTION LOGIC
The ECM monitors the switching frequency ratio of air fuel ratio (A/F) sensor 1 and heated oxygen sensor 2.

  

A three way catalyst (manifold) with high oxygen storage capacity will indicate a low switching frequency of heated oxygen sensor 2.
As oxygen storage capacity decreases, the heated oxygen sensor 2 switching frequency will increase.
When the frequency ratio of A/F sensor 1 and heated oxygen sensor 2 approaches a specified limit value, the three way catalyst (manifold) malfunction is diagnosed.

  

DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE
1.Inspection START
Will CONSULT-III be used?
Will CONSULT-III be used?
YES >> GO TO 2.
NO >> GO TO 7.
2.PRECONDITIONING
If DTC Confirmation Procedure has been previously conducted, always perform the following before conducting the next test.

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  2. Turn ignition switch ON.
  3. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds. TESTING CONDITION:

Do not maintain engine speed for more than the specified minutes below.
>> GO TO 3.
3.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE-I
With CONSULT-III

  1. Turn ignition switch ON and select "DATA MONITOR" mode with CONSULT-III.
  2. Start engine and warm it up to the normal operating temperature.
  3. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  4. Turn ignition switch ON.
  5. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  6. Start engine and keep the engine speed between 3,500 and 4,000 rpm for at least 1 minute under no load.
  7. Let engine idle for 1 minute.
  8. Check that "COOLAN TEMP/S" indicates more than 70C (158F) . If not, warm up engine and go to next step when "COOLAN TEMP/S" indication reaches 70C (158F) .
  9. Open engine hood.
  10. Select "DTC and SRT CONFIRMATION" then "SRT WORK SUPPORT" mode with CONSULT-III.
  11. Rev engine between 2,000 and 3,000 rpm and hold it for 3 consecutive minutes then release the accelerator pedal completely.
  12. Check the indication of "CATALYST". Which is displayed on CONSULT-III screen?

CMPLT >> GO TO 6.
INCMP >> GO TO 4.
4.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE-II

  1. Wait 5 seconds at idle.
  2. Rev engine between 2,000 and 3,000 rpm and maintain it until "INCMP" of "CATALYST" changes to "CMPLT" (It will take approximately 5 minutes). Does the indication change to "CMPLT"?

YES >> GO TO 6.
NO >> GO TO 5.
5.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE AGAIN

  1. Stop engine and cool it down to less than 70C (158F) .
  2. Perform DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE again. >> GO TO 3.

6.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE-III
Check 1st trip DTC.
Is 1st trip DTC detected?
YES >> Go to Diagnosis Procedure.
NO >> Inspection END
7.PERFORM COMPONENT FUNCTION CHECK
Perform component function check. Refer to Component Function Check.

NOTE:
Use component function check to check the overall function of the three way catalyst (manifold). During this check, a 1st trip DTC might not be confirmed.
Is the Inspection result normal?
YES >> Inspection END
NO >> Go to Diagnosis Procedure.

Component Function Check
1.PERFORM COMPONENT FUNCTION CHECK
Without CONSULT-III

  1. Start engine and warm it up to the normal operating temperature.
  2. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  3. Turn ignition switch ON.
  4. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  5. Start engine and keep the engine speed between 3,500 and 4,000 rpm for at least 1 minute under no load.
  6. Let engine idle for 1 minute.
  7. Open engine hood.

  

  1. Check the voltage between ECM harness connector terminals under the following conditions.

  

Is the Inspection result normal?
YES >> Inspection END
NO >> Go to Diagnosis Procedure.

Diagnosis Procedure
1.CHECK EXHAUST SYSTEM
Visually check exhaust tubes and muffler for dents.
Is the Inspection result normal?
YES >> GO TO 2.
NO >> Repair or replace malfunctioning part.
2.CHECK EXHAUST GAS LEAKAGE

  1. Start engine and run it at idle.
  2. Listen for an exhaust gas leakage before the three way catalyst (manifold).

  

Is exhaust gas leakage detected?
YES >> Repair or replace malfunctioning part.
NO >> GO TO 3.
3.CHECK INTAKE AIR LEAKAGE
Listen for an intake air leakage after the mass air flow sensor.
Is intake air leakage detected?
YES >> Repair or replace malfunctioning part.
NO >> GO TO 4.
4.CHECK IGNITION TIMING
Check idle speed and ignition timing.
For procedure, refer to See: Powertrain Management\Computers and Control Systems\Testing and Inspection\Programming and Relearning\Basic Inspection.
For specification, refer to See: Engine, Cooling and Exhaust\Engine\Idle Speed\Specifications and See: Engine, Cooling and Exhaust\Engine\Ignition Timing\Specifications.
Is the Inspection result normal?
YES >> GO TO 5.
NO >> Follow the See: Powertrain Management\Computers and Control Systems\Testing and Inspection\Programming and Relearning\Basic Inspection.
5.CHECK FUEL INJECTORS

  1. Stop engine and then turn ignition switch ON.

  

  1. Check the voltage between ECM harness connectors.

  

Is the Inspection result normal?
YES >> GO TO 6.
NO >> Perform See: Powertrain Management\Fuel Delivery and Air Induction\Testing and Inspection\Component Tests and General Diagnostics\Fuel Injector\Diagnosis Procedure.
6.CHECK FUNCTION OF IGNITION COIL-I

CAUTION:
Perform the following procedure in a place with no combustible objects and good ventilation.

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Remove fuel pump fuse in IPDM E/R to release fuel pressure.

NOTE:
Do not use CONSULT-III to release fuel pressure, or fuel pressure applies again during the following procedure.

  1. Start engine.
  2. After engine stalls, crank it 2 or 3 times to release all fuel pressure.
  3. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  4. Remove all ignition coil harness connectors to avoid the electrical discharge from the ignition coils.
  5. Remove ignition coil and spark plug of the cylinder to be checked.
  6. Crank engine for 5 seconds or more to remove combustion gas in the cylinder.
  7. Connect spark plug and harness connector to ignition coil.

  

  1. Fix ignition coil using a rope etc. with gap of 13 - 17 mm (0.52 -0.66 in) between the edge of the spark plug and grounded metal portion as shown in the figure.
  2. Crank engine for approximately 3 seconds, and check whether spark is generated between the spark plug and the grounded metal portion.

Spark should be generated.

CAUTION:

  • Never place the spark plug and the ignition coil within 50 cm (19.7 in) each other. Be careful not to get an electrical shock while checking, because the electrical discharge voltage becomes 20 kV or more.
  • It might damage the ignition coil if the gap of more than 17 mm (0.66 in) is made.

NOTE:
When the gap is less than 13 mm (0.52 in), a spark might be generated even if the coil is malfunctioning.
Is the Inspection result normal?
YES >> GO TO 10.
NO >> GO TO 7.
7.CHECK FUNCTION OF IGNITION COIL-II

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Disconnect spark plug and connect a non-malfunctioning spark plug.
  3. Crank engine for approximately 3 seconds, and recheck whether spark is generated between the spark plug and the grounded metal portion.

Spark should be generated.

Is the Inspection result normal?
YES >> GO TO 8.
NO >> Check ignition coil, power transistor and their circuit. Refer to See: Powertrain Management\Ignition System\Testing and Inspection\Ignition Signal\Diagnosis Procedure.
8.CHECK SPARK PLUG

  

Check the initial spark plug for fouling, etc.
Is the Inspection result normal?
YES >> Replace spark plug(s) with standard type one(s). For spark plug type, refer to See: Engine, Cooling and Exhaust\Engine\Spark Plug\Service and Repair.
NO >> Repair or clean spark plug. Then GO TO 9.
9.CHECK FUNCTION OF IGNITION COIL-III

  1. Reconnect the initial spark plugs.
  2. Crank engine for approximately 3 seconds, and recheck whether spark is generated between the spark plug and the grounded portion.

Spark should be generated.

Is the Inspection result normal?
YES >> Inspection END
NO >> Replace spark plug(s) with standard type one(s). For spark plug type, refer to See: Engine, Cooling and Exhaust\Engine\Spark Plug\Service and Repair.
10.CHECK FUEL INJECTOR

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Remove fuel injector assembly. Refer to See: Powertrain Management\Fuel Delivery and Air Induction\Fuel Rail\Service and Repair. Keep fuel hose and all fuel injectors connected to fuel tube.
  3. Disconnect all ignition coil harness connectors.
  4. Reconnect all fuel injector harness connectors disconnected.
  5. Turn ignition switch ON.
  6. Check that fuel does not drip from fuel injector. Does fuel drip from fuel injector?

YES >> Replace the fuel injector(s) from which fuel is dripping.
NO >> GO TO 11.
11.CHECK INTERMITTENT INCIDENT
Refer to See: Testing and Inspection\Initial Inspection and Diagnostic Overview\Service Information For Electrical Incident\Intermittent Incident.
Is the Inspection result normal?
YES >> Replace three way catalyst assembly.
NO >> Repair or Replace harness or connector.